Human Neuromuscular Physiology Laboratory

Human Neuromuscular Physiology Laboratory

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Research Interests

We aim to identify the neural/mechanical interventions and underlying mechanisms for improving motor skills and facilitating motor learning/rehabilitation using integrative approaches. We examine neural activity, motor output (e.g., neural excitability, muscle activity , and limb/hand movement), and memory with various interventions in young and old individuals including clinical populations (e.g., amputees, stroke patients). Key words: Neuroscience, Neural Engineering, Human-Robot Interaction, Rehabilitation, Sport Science

Research Projects

Neuromechanical Mechanisms for Motor Skills

  • Autonomic nervous system and neuromotor activity
  • Modulations of neuromotor oscillations
  • Human-Robot interaction

Neural Plasticity with Practice

  • Improvement of human machine interaction
  • Facilitation of motor learning

Joint flexibility and muscle stiffness

  • Improvement of joint flexibility
  • Muscle mechanical characteristics with ultrasound/laser elastography

Lab News


Georgia Tech has created a mechnical device for potential stroke rehabilitation. Pictured (l-r): Professor Jun Ueda, Lauren Lacey, and Associate Professor Minoru Shinohara

Georgia Tech has created a mechnical device for potential stroke rehabilitation. Pictured (l-r): Professor Jun Ueda, Lauren Lacey, and Associate Professor Minoru Shinohara

  • Ellenor is awarded Space Grant Fellowship from Georgia Space Grant Consortium (April, 2014)
  • NSF-funded collaborative project on human-robot interaction featured in Georgia Tech News (January, 2014)


  • Featured in engadget
  • Featured as Facebook cover photo for IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society (EMBS) (December, 2012)


Select Publications
  • Ahmar NE, Shinohara M. Slow intermuscular oscillations are associated with cocontraction steadiness. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, in press.
  • Kurita Y, Sato J, Tanaka T, Shinohara M, and Tsuji T. Unpowered sensorimotor-enhancing suit reduces muscle activation and improves force perception. IEEE Transactions on Human Machine Systems, in press.
  • Yoshitake Y, Kanehisa H, Shinohara M. Correlated EMG oscillations between antagonists during cocontraction in men. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 49:538-548, 2017
  • Kim E, Kovalenko I, Lacey I, Shinohara M, Ueda J. Timing analysis of robotic neuromodulatory rehabilitation system for paired associative stimulation. IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters 1 : 1028-1035, 2016.
  • Taniguchi K, Shinohara M, Nozaki S, Katayose M. Acute decrease in the stiffness of resting muscle belly due to static stretching. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 25:32-40, 2015.
  • Weinberg L, Hasni A, Shinohara M, Duarte A. A single bout of resistance exercise can enhance episodic memory performance. Acta Psychologica 153:13-19, 2014.
  • Buharin VE, Butler AJ, Shinohara M. Motor cortical disinhibition with baroreceptor unloading induced by orthostatic stress. Journal of Neurophysiology 111:2656-2664, 2014.
  • Yoshitake Y, Takai Y, Kanehisa H, Shinohara M. Muscle shear modulus measured with ultrasound shear-wave elastography across a wide range of contraction intensity. Muscle & Nerve 50:103-113, 2014.
  • Salman M, Sabra KG, Shinohara M. Assessment of muscle stiffness using a continuously scanning laser-Doppler vibrometer. Muscle & Nerve 50:133-135, 2014.
  • Huo X, Johnson AN, Ghovanloo M, Shinohara M. Motor performance of tongue with a computer integrated system under different levels of background physical exertion. Ergonomics 56:1733-1744, 2013.
  • Yoshitake Y, Shinohara M. Oscillations in motor unit discharge are reflected in the low-frequency component of rectified surface EMG and the rate of change in force. Experimental Brain Research 231:267-276, 2013.
  • Maher RM, Hayes DM, Shinohara M. Quantification of dry-needling and posture effects on myofascial trigger points using ultrasound shear-wave elastography. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 94:2146-2150, 2013.
  • Kurita Y, Shinohara M, Ueda J. Wearable sensorimotor enhancer for fingertip using stochastic resonance effect. IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems 43:333-337, 2013.
  • Yoshitake Y, Shinohara M. Low-frequency component of rectified EMG is temporally correlated with force and instantaneous rate of force fluctuations during steady contractions. Muscle & Nerve 47:577-584, 2013.
  • Buharin VE, Butler AJ, Rajendra JK, Shinohara M. Enhanced corticospinal excitability with physiologically heightened sympathetic nerve activity. Journal of Applied Physiology 114:429-435, 2013.
  • Johnson AN, Shinohara M. Corticomuscular coherence with and without additional task in the elderly. Journal of Applied Physiology 112:970-981, 2012.
  • Johnson AN, Huo X, Ghovanloo M, Shinohara M. Dual-task motor performance with a tongue-operated assistive technology compared with hand operations. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 9:1, 2012.
  • Archer A, Atangcho P, Sabra KG, Shinohara M. Propagation direction of natural mechanical oscillations in the biceps brachii muscle during voluntary contraction. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 22: 51-59, 2012