Minoru “Shino” Shinohara, PhD, FACSM

(Japanese site)

Associate Professor

Human Neuromuscular Physiology Lab
Office: 1309C at 555 14th Street NW, Atlanta
Email to Dr. Shinohara
Program/Participating Faculty
Biomedical Engineering
Neural Engineering Center
Bioengineering & Bioscience
Robotics & Intelligent Machines
Healthcare Robotics
Georgia Center for Medical Robotics


  • Ph.D., Exercise Physiology and Biomechanics, University of Tokyo, Japan
  • M.S., Exercise Physiology and Biomechanics, University of Tokyo, Japan
  • B.S., Exercise Physiology and Biomechanics, University of Tokyo, Japan

Professional Experience

  • Assistant Professor, University of Tokyo, Japan
  • Visiting Assistant Professor, University of Colorado at Boulder
  • Research Associate, Pennsylvania State University
  • Senior Research Associate, University of Colorado at Boulder
  • Visiting Scholar, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan
  • Consultant, US Army Medical Department Center and School
  • Board Member, Superhuman Sports Academy
  • Consultant, Japan Fitness Association
  • Adjunct Researcher, University of Tokyo, Japan

Research Interests

Human Neuromuscular Physiology Lab web site
Minoru Shinohara on ResearchGate
Dr. Shinohara’s research interests include neurophysiological and biomechanical mechanisms underlying motor skills and their adaptations to altered autonomic nerve activity, aging, fatigue, attention, and practice/rehabilitation in humans.  He is also interested in human-robot interaction, human augmentation, and their potential application to physical activity and sports.  He uses state-of-the-art techniques in neuroscience, neuroengineering, physiology, and biomechanics (e.g., TMS, EEG, single motor unit recordings, EMG, microneurography, mechanomyography, ultrasound elastography/B-mode, exoskeleton robot) in his research.


  • APPH/BIOL 3755 Human Physiology
  • APPH/BIOL 3756 Human Physiology Lab
  • APPH 6233 Aging Movement Control
  • APPH 8000 Seminar (Research Methods in Applied Physiology)
  • APPH 8802 Adaptations in Neuromuscular Control
  • APPH 8803 Neuromuscular Physiology

Honors, Awards, Recognition

  • Research Career Enhancement Award, American Physiological Society
  • Visiting Scholar Award, American College of Sports Medicine
  • Research Travel Award, American Society of Biomechanics
  • Vendor’s Innovation in Research Award, American College of Sports Medicine Biomechanics Interest Group
  • New Investigator Award, Japanese Society for College Physical Education and Sports
  • Dedicated and Outstanding Associate Editor, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
  • Fellow, American College of Sports Medicine
  • National Institutes of Health (NIH) Grant Panel: Motor Function, Speech and Rehabilitation (MFSR)
  • National Science Foundation (NSF) Fellowship Panel: GRF Neurosciences & Physiology
  • US Army Research Laboratory Grant Reviewer
  • International Grant Reviewer, Austrian Science Fund, Austria; Canada Foundation for Innovation, Canada; Dutch Technology Foundation, Netherlands; National Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC), Canada; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NOW); Research Foundation Flanders, Belgium.

Book Editor

Associate Editor

  • Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
  • Advanced Robotics, Special Issue on “Super-Human Technology”

Editorial Board Member

  • Journal of Applied Physiology
  • Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
  • Journal of Motor Behavior

Regular Member

  • American College of Sports Medicine (Fellow)
  • American Physiological Society
  • American Society of Biomechanics
  • Society for Neuroscience
  • Neural Control of Movement Society

Select Publications (Full list by Google Scholar)

    • Koppenhaver SL, Scutella D, Sorrell BA, Yahalom J, Fernández-de-Las-Peñas C, Childs JD, Shaffer SW, Shinohara M.Normative parameters and anthropometric variability of lumbar muscle stiffness using ultrasound shear-wave elastography. Clin Biomech 62:113-120, 2019.
    • Brown E, Yoshitake Y, Shinohara M, Ueda J. Automatic analysis of ultrasound shear-wave elastography in skeletal muscle without non-contractile tissue contamination. Int J Intell Robot Appl 2: 209–225, 2018.
    • Yoshitake Y, Ikeda A, Shinohara M. Robotic finger perturbation training improves finger postural steadiness and hand dexterity. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 38:208-214, 2018.
    • Ahmar NE, Shinohara M. Slow intermuscular oscillations are associated with cocontraction steadiness. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 49:1955-1964, 2017
    • Kim E, Kovalenko I, Lacey L, Shinohara M, Ueda J. Timing analysis of robotic neuromodulatory rehabilitation system for paired associative stimulation. IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters 1:1028-1035, 2016.
    • Weinberg L, Hasni A, Shinohara M, Duarte A. A single bout of resistance exercise can enhance episodic memory performance. Acta Psychologica 153:13-19, 2014.
    • Buharin VE, Butler AJ, Shinohara M. Motor cortical disinhibition with baroreceptor unloading induced by orthostatic stress. Journal of Neurophysiology 111:2656-2664, 2014.
    • Yoshitake Y, Shinohara M. Oscillations in motor unit discharge are reflected in the low-frequency component of rectified surface EMG and the rate of change in force. Experimental Brain Research 231:267-276, 2013.
    • Kurita Y, Shinohara M, Ueda J. Wearable sensorimotor enhancer for fingertip using stochastic resonance effect. IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems 43:333-337, 2013.
    • Buharin VE, Butler AJ, Rajendra JK, Shinohara M. Enhanced corticospinal excitability with physiologically heightened sympathetic nerve activity. Journal of Applied Physiology 114:429-435, 2013.
    • Johnson AN, Shinohara M. Corticomuscular coherence with and without additional task in the elderly. Journal of Applied Physiology 112:970-981, 2012.
    • Johnson AN, Huo X, Ghovanloo M, Shinohara M. Dual-task motor performance with a tongue-operated assistive technology compared with hand operations. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 9:1, 2012.
    • Shinohara M, Sabra K, Gennisson J-L, Fink M, Tanter M. Real-time visualization of muscle stiffness distribution with ultrasound shear wave imaging during muscle contraction. Muscle & Nerve 42: 438-441, 2010.

    Reviews and Chapters

    • Ueda J, Gallagher W, Moualeu A, Shinohara M, Feigh K. Adaptive Human-Robot Physical Interaction for Robot Co-workers. In: Ueda J and Kurita Y Ed, Human Modeling for Bio-Inspired Robotics, Academic Press, Elsevier, 297-333, 2016
    • Shinohara M. Adaptations in motor unit behavior in elderly adults. Current Aging Science 4: 200-208, 2011
    • Aoki T, Shinohara M, Kinoshita H. Motor control of individual fingers. In: Shinohara M Ed, Advances in neuromuscular physiology of motor skills and muscle fatigue. Research Signpost, 1-24, 2009.
    • Kouzaki M, Shinohara M. Alternation in muscle activity to reduce muscle fatigue. In: Shinohara M Ed, Advances in neuromuscular physiology of motor skills and muscle fatigue. Research Signpost, 351-367, 2009
    • Yoshitake Y, Shinohara M. Steady force control in multiple muscle systems. In: Shinohara M Ed, Advances in neuromuscular physiology of motor skills and muscle fatigue. Research Signpost, 127-138, 2009.
    • Shinohara M, Yoshitake Y, Kouzaki M. Alterations in synergistic muscle activation impact fluctuations in net force. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 41:191-197, 2009.