Minrou “Shino” Shinohara, PhD, FACSM

Minrou “Shino” Shinohara, PhD, FACSM

(Japanese site)

Associate Professor

School of Biological Sciences
Biomedical Engineering Program Faculty
Bioengineering & Bioscience Program Faculty
Robotics & Intelligent Machines Participating Faculty
Neural Engineering Center Participating Faculty
Healthcare Robotics Participating Faculty
Georgia Institute of Technology
Director: Human Neuromuscular Physiology Lab
Office: 1309C at 555 14th Street NW, Atlanta
Email to Dr. Shinohara


  • Ph.D., Exercise Physiology and Biomechanics, University of Tokyo, Japan
  • M.S., Exercise Physiology and Biomechanics, University of Tokyo, Japan
  • B.S., Exercise Physiology and Biomechanics, University of Tokyo, Japan

Professional Experience

  • Assistant Professor, University of Tokyo, Japan
  • Visiting Assistant Professor, University of Colorado at Boulder
  • Research Associate, Pennsylvania State University
  • Senior Research Associate, University of Colorado at Boulder
  • Visiting Scholar, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan
  • Consultant, US Army Medical Department Center and School
  • Board Member, Superhuman Sports Academy
  • Consultant, Japan Fitness Association

Research Interests

Human Neuromuscular Physiology Lab web site

Dr. Shinohara’s research interests include physiological and biomechanical mechanisms underlying motor skills (including human-robot interaction) and their adjustments and adaptations to altered autonomic nerve activity, aging or inactivity, neuromuscular fatigue, divided attention, and practice in humans. He uses state-of-the-art techniques in neuroscience, neuroengineering, physiology, and biomechanics (e.g., TMS, EEG, single motor unit recordings, EMG, microneurography, mechanomyography, ultrasound elastography/B-mode, exoskeleton robot) in identifying these mechanisms. He is also interested in Engineered Physical Activity & Sports.


  • APPH/BIOL 3756 Human Physiology Lab
  • APPH 6233 Aging Movement Control
  • APPH 8800 Seminar (Research Methods in Applied Physiology)
  • APPH 8802 Adaptations in Neuromuscular Control
  • APPH 8803 Neuromuscular Physiology

Honors, Awards, Recognition

  • Research Career Enhancement Award, American Physiological Society
  • Visiting Scholar Award, American College of Sports Medicine
  • Research Travel Award, American Society of Biomechanics
  • Vendor’s Innovation in Research Award, American College of Sports Medicine Biomechanics Interest Group
  • New Investigator Award, Japanese Society for College Physical Education and Sports
  • Dedicated and Outstanding Associate Editor, Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
  • Fellow, American College of Sports Medicine
  • National Institutes of Health (NIH) Grant Panel: Motor Function, Speech and Rehabilitation (MFSR)
  • National Science Foundation (NSF) Fellowship Panel: GRF Neurosciences & Physiology
  • Other Grant Reviewer, Austrian Science Fund, Austria; Canada Foundation for Innovation, Canada; Dutch Technology Foundation, Netherlands; National Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC), Canada; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NOW), Netherlands; University of Maryland; University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee; Research Foundation Flanders, Belgium, US Army Research Laboratory

Book Editor

Associate Editor

  • Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
  • Advanced Robotics, Special Issue on “Super-Human Technology”

Editorial Board Member

  • Journal of Applied Physiology
  • Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
  • Journal of Motor Behavior

Regular Member

  • American College of Sports Medicine (Fellow)
  • American Physiological Society
  • American Society of Biomechanics
  • Society for Neuroscience
  • Neural Control of Movement Society

Select Publications (Full list by Google Scholar)

  • Ahmar NE, Shinohara M. Slow intermuscular oscillations are associated with cocontraction steadiness. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, accepted.
  • Kurita Y, Sato J, Tanaka T, Shinohara M, and Tsuji T. Unpowered sensorimotor-enhancing suit reduces muscle activation and improves force perception. IEEE Transactions on Human Machine Systems, accepted.
  • Yoshitake Y, Kanehisa H, Shinohara M. Correlated EMG oscillations between antagonists during cocontraction in men. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 49:538-548, 2017
  • Kim E, Kovalenko I, Lacey L, Shinohara M, Ueda J. Timing analysis of robotic neuromodulatory rehabilitation system for paired associative stimulation. IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters 1:1028-1035, 2016.
  • Taniguchi K, Shinohara M, Nozaki S, Katayose M. Acute decrease in the stiffness of resting muscle belly due to static stretching. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 25:32-40, 2015.
  • Weinberg L, Hasni A, Shinohara M, Duarte A. A single bout of resistance exercise can enhance episodic memory performance. Acta Psychologica 153:13-19, 2014.
  • Buharin VE, Butler AJ, Shinohara M. Motor cortical disinhibition with baroreceptor unloading induced by orthostatic stress. Journal of Neurophysiology 111:2656-2664, 2014.
  • Yoshitake Y, Takai Y, Kanehisa H, Shinohara M. Muscle shear modulus measured with ultrasound shear-wave elastography across a wide range of contraction intensity. Muscle & Nerve 50:103-113, 2014.
  • Salman M, Sabra KG, Shinohara M. Assessment of muscle stiffness using a continuously scanning laser-Doppler vibrometer. Muscle & Nerve 50:133-135, 2014.
  • Huo X, Johnson AN, Ghovanloo M, Shinohara M. Motor performance of tongue with a computer integrated system under different levels of background physical exertion. Ergonomics 56:1733-1744, 2013.
  • Yoshitake Y, Shinohara M. Oscillations in motor unit discharge are reflected in the low-frequency component of rectified surface EMG and the rate of change in force. Experimental Brain Research 231:267-276, 2013.
  • Maher RM, Hayes DM, Shinohara M. Quantification of dry-needling and posture effects on myofascial trigger points using ultrasound shear-wave elastography. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 94:2146-2150, 2013.
  • Kurita Y, Shinohara M, Ueda J. Wearable sensorimotor enhancer for fingertip using stochastic resonance effect. IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems 43:333-337, 2013.
  • Yoshitake Y, Shinohara M. Low-frequency component of rectified EMG is temporally correlated with force and instantaneous rate of force fluctuations during steady contractions. Muscle & Nerve 47:577-584, 2013.
  • Buharin VE, Butler AJ, Rajendra JK, Shinohara M. Enhanced corticospinal excitability with physiologically heightened sympathetic nerve activity. Journal of Applied Physiology 114:429-435, 2013.
  • Johnson AN, Shinohara M. Corticomuscular coherence with and without additional task in the elderly. Journal of Applied Physiology 112:970-981, 2012.
  • Johnson AN, Huo X, Ghovanloo M, Shinohara M. Dual-task motor performance with a tongue-operated assistive technology compared with hand operations. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 9:1, 2012.
  • Archer A, Atangcho P, Sabra KG, Shinohara M. Propagation direction of natural mechanical oscillations in the biceps brachii muscle during voluntary contraction. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 22: 51–59, 2012
  • Johnson AN, Wheaton LA, Shinohara M. Attenuation of corticomuscular coherence with additional motor or non-motor task. Clinical Neurophysiology 122:356-363, 2011
  • Shinohara M, Sabra K, Gennisson J-L, Fink M, Tanter M. Real-time visualization of muscle stiffness distribution with ultrasound shear wave imaging during muscle contraction. Muscle & Nerve 42: 438-441, 2010.
  • Ueda J, Ming D, Krishnamoorthy V, Shinohara M, Ogasawara T. Individual muscle control using an exoskeleton robot for muscle function testing. IEEE Transactions on Neural and Rehabilitation Systems Engineering 18: 339-350, 2010.
  • Kamibayashi K, Nakazawa K, Ogata H, Obata H, Akai M, Shinohara M. Invariable H-reflex and sustained facilitation of stretch reflex with heightened sympathetic outflow. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 19:1053-1060, 2009.
  • Shinohara M, Moritz CT, Pascoe MA, Enoka RM. Prolonged muscle vibration increases stretch reflex amplitude, motor unit discharge rate and force fluctuations in a hand muscle. Journal of Applied Physiology 99: 1835-1842, 2005.
  • Shinohara M, Latash ML, Zatsiorsky VM. Age effects on force production by the intrinsic and extrinsic hand muscles and finger interaction during maximal contraction tasks. Journal of Applied Physiology 95: 1361-1369, 2003.

Reviews and Chapters

  • Ueda J, Gallagher W, Moualeu A, Shinohara M, Feigh K. Adaptive Human-Robot Physical Interaction for Robot Co-workers. In: Ueda J and Kurita Y Ed, Human Modeling for Bio-Inspired Robotics, Academic Press, Elsevier, 297-333, 2016
  • Shinohara M. Adaptations in motor unit behavior in elderly adults. Current Aging Science 4: 200-208, 2011
  • Aoki T, Shinohara M, Kinoshita H. Motor control of individual fingers. In: Shinohara M Ed, Advances in neuromuscular physiology of motor skills and muscle fatigue. Research Signpost, 1-24, 2009.
  • Kouzaki M, Shinohara M. Alternation in muscle activity to reduce muscle fatigue. In: Shinohara M Ed, Advances in neuromuscular physiology of motor skills and muscle fatigue. Research Signpost, 351-367, 2009
  • Yoshitake Y, Shinohara M. Steady force control in multiple muscle systems. In: Shinohara M Ed, Advances in neuromuscular physiology of motor skills and muscle fatigue. Research Signpost, 127-138, 2009.
  • Shinohara M, Yoshitake Y, Kouzaki M. Alterations in synergistic muscle activation impact fluctuations in net force. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 41:191-197, 2009.
  • Shinohara M, Sogaard K. Mechanomyography for studying force fluctuations and muscle fatigue. Exercise and Sport Science Reviews 34: 59-64, 2006.
  • Latash ML, Shim JK, Shinohara M, Zatsiorsky VM. Changes in finger coordination with advanced age. Latash ML and Lestienne F, eds. Motor Control and Learning. New York: Springer, pp.141-160, 2006.
  • Shinohara M. Effects of prolonged vibration on motor unit activity and motor performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 37: 2120-2125, 2005.

Conference Organizer

  • Program Chair, 1st Workshop on Super Human Sports, Tsukuba, Japan, 2015
  • Co-chair of Sensorimotor track in the XIXth Congress of the International Society of Electrophysiology and Kinesiology, 2012.
  • Co-organizer of “Noise, Time Delay and Balance Control” at Banff International Research Station, 2009 (5-day workshop).