“State Adoption of Transformative Technology Schmid ISQ.” International Studies Quarterly, forthcoming: accepted for publication. (with Jonathan Huang)
“Plans versus experiences in transitioning transnational education into research and economic development.” Science and Public Policy, forthcoming: accepted for publication. (with Sergey A. Kolesnikov, and Jan Youtie)
“Beyond National Innovation Systems Incentives and China’s Innovation Performance.” Journal of Contemporary China. (with Fei-Ling Wang)
“The Diffusion of Military Technology.” Defence and Peace Economics.
“Alliances and Innovation” Review of Policy Research. (with Matthew Brummer and Mark Zachary Taylor)
“The Anatomy of Collaboration in International Development Practice: Comparative Insights from Nigeria and Ghana” Development in Practice. (with Rahul Pathak)
Dissertation: The Determinants of Military Technology Innovation and Diffusion
The Determinants of Military Technology Innovation
A state’s capacity to develop and produce advanced military technology contributes to its standing within the global distribution of power. In this article, I introduce a novel framework, threat-capacity theory, to explain international variation in the capacity to develop and produce novel military technologies. I define national military innovation capacity as a state’s potential to develop military technology innovations and propose that international variation in this capacity is primarily influenced by two factors: a state’s threat environment and its domestic innovation infrastructure. I use this explanatory framework to guide an empirical investigation into state-level variation in military technology patenting incidence. I find that the infrastructure, security, and stability variables used to approximate the theoretic framework explain much international and inter-temporal variation in military technology patenting. A state’s international security context is found to be a particularly important determinant of its national military innovative capacity.
Do External Threats Drive Military Technology Innovation? Empirical Evidence in the Affirmative
This study tests the contention that external security threats drive national rates of military technology innovation. To test this claim, this article proposes a measure of national military technology innovation based on patent and patent citation data. Using Prais-Winsten regression and an original panel dataset spanning the period 1975-2007 for 52 nation states, this article finds external threats to be predictive of national rates of military technology innovation. This result suggests that the subordination of threats among many explanatory models of military innovation may be unwarranted. In contrast, the finding supports theories of military innovation that explain technological change as a political process in which anxiety about foreign threats animate political action.
The Diffusion of Military Technology, Forthcoming, Defense and Peace Economics [Link.]
The impact of national defense research and development spending on overall innovation depends on the extent to which the knowledge and technologies generated by defense funding diffuse. This article uses an original dataset of patents assigned to defense-servicing organizations to investigate the diffusion of military technologies. Contrary to the predictions of the prevailing scholarship, I find no difference in the rate of diffusion between civilian and military technologies. Neither do military technologies assigned to government agencies diffuse at different rates than those assigned to firms. The overall technological experience of the patent assignee is found to be a positive predictor of the diffusion of military technologies. The effect of the prevailing intellectual property rights regime is ambivalent: when US patents are included in the sample, the effect of patent protection is positive, when the US is excluded, the effect is either non-significant or negative depending on the model specification that is utilized.
Other selected publications
“Intelligence Innovation: Sputnik, the Soviet Threat, and Innovation in the US Intelligence Community.” In: Kosal, M. (Ed.) Technology and the Intelligence Community, Springer Academic Publishers (forthcoming: accepted for publication).
“Scientometrics.” (2016) The Encyclopedia of Big Data. Ed. Laurie A. Schintler. Springer.
“International Development.” (2016). The Encyclopedia of Big Data. Ed. Laurie A. Schintler. Springer.
“Theory of Moral Sentiments.” (2015). The SAGE Encyclopedia of Economics and Society. Ed. F. Wherry. Sage Publications.